Irvine, United States, North America
Year1960latitude: 33° 40'
longitude: -117° 49'
Planning organizationIrvine Company
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)William Pereira
Design organization
Inhabitants212,000 (2009)
Target population50,000
Town website
Town related links

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Irvine is an incorporated city located in Orange County, California. It is a planned city, mainly developed by the Irvine Company since the 1960s. Formally incorporated in 1971, the 46-square mile city has a population of 148,000 (as of 2001). It currently has plans to annex an undeveloped area to the north, as well as the former El Toro Marine Corps Air Station, most of which is to be made into a park.
Irvine is home to the University of California, Irvine (UCI) and to various other companies in the technology sector, including the American division of Toshiba, and offices of several automotive companies, including Ford and Mazda. The two biggest employers are the UCI and Verizon.

Irvine is divided into townships that are self-contained except for income-generating activities. The townships are separated by six-lane streets. Each township includes a spectrum of similar types of dwellings, along with shopping, religious institutions and schools. Commercial districts are checker-boarded in a periphery around the central townships.

All streets have landscaping allowances. Rights-of-way for powerlines also serve as bicycle corridors, parks and greenbelts to tie together ecological preserves. The greenery is irrigated with reclaimed water.

Many of the homeowner's associations are extremely powerful, controlling every facet of the appearance of one's home, including color, roofing, and the age of car that may be parked in front.


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