Assif Housing, Morocco, Africa
 
 
Year1980latitude: 31° 39'
longitude: -8° 0'
Period
Initiator(s)Etablissement RĂ©gional d'Amenagement et de Construction (E.R.A.C.) Tensift
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Charles Boccara
Design organization
Inhabitants
Target population3,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=528
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
'In 1976, the Etablissement RĂ©gional d'Amenagement et de Construction (E.R.A.C.) Tensift, a government agency, was set up to create housing for the masses, the Assif complex was one of its first programmes, involving 600 plots. 300 row-houses were to be designed by architect Charles Boccara and the remainder consist of individual houses built by their owners. In 1981, the architect was commissioned to design 128 apartment units as well as a commercial centre as an extension to the project.

The row-houses respond to a 'villa' housing type that has gained popularity amongst the new urban classes, and include a porch, front garden, and balcony or loggia. A sense of introversion is maintained by the interior organisation of spaces around an inner patio, and the row-houses are further removed from the street by richly planted, walled gardens. The apartment units are grouped in three courtyard complexes joined by monumental arcades and arranged on the site to form a large public garden (riyadh). Small shops are located on the ground floor, and the urban fabric of traditional towns has inspired this combination of commercial and outdoor communal facilities with dense housing above, integrated through a system of streets, passageways, galleries, and inner courts. The individual apartment units, entered through courtyard gardens and served with roof terraces, were conceived on the model of traditional Arab houses where family life is concentrated in a central room.'
From the Aga Khan archive.
THE HOUSING COMPLEX IS INTERESTING AS IT MIXED INDIVIDUAL HOUSES WITH APARTMENT BUILDINGS. IT ALSO MIXES REPEDITIVE STRUCTURES WITH MORE TRADITIONAL ARAB HIGH VAULTED ARCEDES. IT IS OF LARGE SCALE AND WORKS NOT ONLY A HOUSING BLOCK BUT AS AN ENTIRE NEIGHBORHOOD.

source: http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.tcl?site_id=528

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