Aranya Community Housing, India, Asia
 
 
Year1989latitude: 22° 45'
longitude: 75° 53'
Period1983-1989
Initiator(s)Indore Development Authority
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi
Design organization
Inhabitants
Target population60,000
Town website
Town related linkshttp://www.akdn.org/architecture/project.asp?id=1242
http://wikimapia.org/13797681/Aranya-community-housing
http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=1124
Literature

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
'Aranya, 6 kilometres from Indore, will eventually house a total population of 60,000 in 6500 dwellings, on a net planning area of 85 hectares. The master plan, prepared by the Vastu-Shilpa Foundation in 1983, is designed around a central spine comprising the business district. Six sectors, each with populations of 7000-12,000, lie to the east and west of the spine and are diagonally bisected by linear parks. Ten houses, each with a courtyard at the back, form a cluster that opens onto a street. Internal streets and squares are paved. Septic tanks are provided for each group of twenty houses, and electricity and water are available throughout. The site plan accommodates and integrates a variety of income groups. The poorest are located in the middle of each of the six sectors, while the better off obtain plots along the peripheries of each sector and the central spine. Payment schemes, and a series of site and service options, reflect the financial resources of this mixed community. Eighty demonstration houses, designed by architect Balkrishna V. Doshi, display a wide variety of possibilities, ranging from one room shelters to relatively spacious houses. Most of the income groups buy only a house plot. Available to the poorest, in addition to the plot itself, are a concrete plinth, a service core, and a room. The down payment is based on the average income of the family, the loan balance being paid in monthly instalments. Brick, stone, and concrete are available locally, but owners are free to use any material they choose for house construction and decoration. The jury found Aranya to be an innovative sites-and-services project that is particularly noteworthy for its effort to integrate families within a range of poor-to-modest incomes' From the Aga Khan archive.

COLORFULL HOUSING COMPLEX THAT LOOKS LIKE A MIX OF THE SHANTY TOWN, THE GARDEN CITY AND THE NEW TOWN. IT IS INTERESTING AS IT TRIES TO INCLUDE A VAST NUMBER OF POPULATION SEGMENTS AND THEREFOR PROVIDES DIFFERENT LEVELS OF SERVICES AND ORGANISATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL HOUSES.

source: http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.tcl?site_id=1124

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