- Saini, N.S. “ Critical Experience of New Town Development, India.” In New Towns World-Wide : New Towns Reviewed, 1989 Pre-congress Working Party Reports. The Hague: International Federation for Housing and Planning (IFHP), 1989, pp. 107-124.
type of New Town:
> scale of autonomy
Chandigarh, 'The City Beautiful' came into being as a brain child of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, after the country's achievement of its independence in 1947.
The master plan of the city was designed by Le Corbusier as an experimental analogy between the body and urban planning / design. It bears the traces of modernistic ideals of architecture since Le Corbusier meditated sectors, zones, open spaces, cultural and educational institutions and the network of the roads of Chandigarh according to the functioning of the human body as a synthesis of nature and technology. It was also formed as a grid plan which allows a distinctive hierarchy of movement as well as segregation of living spaces from congestion.
Though the city was planned for nearly half million inhabitants, it has for a long time grown beyond its projected capacity. In accordance with the 2021 estimates, the population of the city will reach up to almost four times for which it was principally designated.
source: Elis Mutlu
See: http://chandigarh.gov.in/knowchd_general.htm, retrieved on August 7, 2012.
See: http://www.citybeautiful.in/ChandigarhHistory.aspx, retrieved on August 7, 2012.