Drumul Taberei (Drumul Taberelor), Romania, Europe
Year1960latitude: 44° 25'
longitude: 26° 1'
Initiator(s)National government
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Romanian
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Marius Lebada
Design organizationArchitecture University, Bucharest
Target population120,000
Town websitehttps://drumultaberelor.ro/
Town related linkshttps://sites.utexas.edu/planningforum/explorations-3-the-neighborhood-and- the-park-drumul-taberei-bucharest-by-maria-alexandrescu/
Literature- https://www.dor.ro/drumul-taberei/
- https://theblacksea.eu/stories/drumul-taberei-utopia-interrupted/

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy

source: Image by Sorina Vasilescu, published in: https://www.dor.ro/drumul -taberei/

Moghioros Park in the 1960s
source: Uniunea Arhitectilor din Romania - UAR. Published in: https://theblacksea.eu/st ories/drumul-taberei-utop ia-interrupted/

The complex Favorit: the shopping and cultural centre with cinema.
source: Uniunea Arhitectilor din Romania - UAR. Published in: https://theblacksea.eu/st ories/drumul-taberei-utop ia-interrupted/

Presentday situation of Favorit; the cinema has been demolished in 2019.
source: https://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/File:Favorit_-_Drumu l_Taberei.jpg

Masterplan Drumul Taberei
source: Uniunea Arhitectilor din Romania - UAR)Published in: https://theblacksea.eu/stories/drumul-taberei-utopia-interrupted/

"At the end of the 1950s a group of young architects in Bucharest were given the liberty by ruler Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej to develop an unprecedented experiment for Romania - a micro-city on the outskirts of Bucharest.

Over fields and land used by the army, this would be a self-contained urban complex built from zero.

The low-rise blocks were Modernist designs of concrete floating in a sea of greenery, combining the mod cons of the city with the air and freedom of the countryside. Schools, factories, libraries, a cinema and shopping would all be within walking distance.

Intellectually, it intended to lift the body, mind and spirit, inspired by the functional visionary Le Corbusier, but on a scale unprecedented in the west. This was a French utopia inscribed on a blank slate in Romania.

In the 1960s and 1970s, the first residents believed this neighbourhood married the ideals of an egalitarian society with elegant surroundings, and it became a showpiece for successful social engineering, as well as a sanctuary for refugees fleeing military juntas in Chile and Greece.

Although the blocks housed a mix of working and middle classes, many residents felt this was a place for professionals and progressives - a zone out of time and place from both Romania’s feudal past and its totalitarian present.

Then politics intervened.

By the 1970s, the dictator Nicolae Ceausescu took over the duties of urban planning in the capital, and dumped taller and bigger blocks throughout the city, crushing the free space and leaving the streets overcrowded. In the next decade, Romania’s economy stalled and the markets were empty of food and the media empty of news.

Following the violent 1989 Revolution, the streets were invaded by kiosks, rats, stray dogs, prostitutes and bars. One of Drumul Taberei’s libraries became a fake Italian restaurant, and its cinema, Favorit, a squat for the drunk and homeless.

But today a movement by civil society and private enterprise aims to revive the community spirit."

source: https://theblacksea.eu/stories/drumul-taberei-utopia-interrupted/

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