Elektrėnai, Lithuania, Europe
Year1959latitude: 54° 47'
longitude: 24° 40'
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Soviet/Lithuanian
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants14,000 (2022)
Target population
Town websitehttps://www.elektrenai.lt/
Town related linkshttps://www.exutopia.com/elektrenai-lithuania/

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy

Construction of power plant
source: 15min

Church of the Blessed Mary, Queen of Martyrs in Elektrėnai. Henrikas Šilgalis, 1990-96.
source: https://www.exutopia.com/ elektrenai-lithuania/

Pedestrianised shopping area in the centre of Elektrėnai.
source: https://www.exutopia.com/ elektrenai-lithuania/

Abandoned fair ground
source: https://www.exutopia.com/ elektrenai-lithuania/

Model of Elektrėnai
source: Arch Fonadas

Plans for Elektrėnai were conceived in 1959 when the Lithuanian government decided to build a power plant close to Vilnius and Kaunas. What is now Elektrėnai - derived from the word electricity- was selected and construction began in 1961. The nearby river was dammed and as a result local villages were flooded and destroyed.

Elektrėnai was designed to grow outwards in tessellating urban districts called mikrorayons. Each microrayon was a self-contained unit, typically featuring residential blocks arranged around a core of shops, parks and other public facilities. The architecture was made up of panelled buildings with subdued design. Only political symbols such as lightning bolts etched the streetscape.

Today the power plant is busier than ever, however the town itself has not enjoyed the same prosperity. Much of the city is outdated and has fallen into disrepair, arguably most notably the Soviet fun-fair. The city now houses 14,000 residents and markets itself on active tourism such as skating.

source: https://www.exutopia.com/elektrenai-lithuania/

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