Victoria, Romania, Europe
Year1948latitude: 45° 43'
longitude: 24° 42'
Initiator(s)National government
Planning organization
Nationality initiator(s)Romanian
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organization
Inhabitants10,896 (2022)
Target population
Town website
Town related links

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy

source: https://www.imperatortrav oria-viitorul-centru-al-n omazilor-digitali-si-al-c elor-cu-lucrul-acasa-din- romania.html

Victoria is a town in Brasov County, located at the foot of the Fagaras Mountains, 30 kilometres from Fagaras municipality and 100 kilometres from the municipality - county residence, Brasov.

It started to be built in 1948 as a result of the development of a chemical plant complex. The city also had the name "Ucea factory", "Red Ucea", "Ucea-Colony". Since 1954, Victoria is the current name.
Victoria is the artificial new town of Romania. It did not exist on the map of the country until 1949. It was then established by the Communists under the name of the Ucea Colony or the Red UCEA. The town was the clear example of a model implemented over by the Soviets. The city was built from scratch for industrial use. In 1956, seven years after its establishment there were already 2,700 inhabitants, and by the 1980’s the population tripled. In 1965, in the newspaper Scanteia, an article appeared on the new city: The Communists basically boast that everyone in the city works at the chemical plant and that Victoria flourishes from day to day. "Victoria is the first new city to appear on the map of the Romanian People's Republic. Everything that takes place here in the settlement at the foot of the Fagaras is directly related to the existence of the chemical plant. There is no house, apartment in which anyone else but a worker, engineer or chemical technician lives (…). You are surprised in the beginning by the tranquility that ruled the place. In fact, the locals are at work."

In the 1992 census, 10.142 inhabitants were counted, but in 2002, only 9.046 people were counted, as a result of the sharp drop in birth rates, as well as a massive emigration to Italy, Germany, Spain, Canada, the United States, Portugal, Greece.

source: INTI

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