Cwmbran, United Kingdom, Europe
Year1949latitude: 51° 39'
longitude: -3° 0'
PeriodMark 1
Planning organizationDevelopment Corporation
Nationality initiator(s)U.K.
Designer(s) / Architect(s)Anthony Minoprio
Design organizationSpencely McFarlane
Inhabitants48,000 (2011)
Target population55,000
Town website
Town related links

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy


"Cwmbran was the first New Town to be designated in Wales and followed proposals made by Lewis Silkin in 1948 for two Welsh New Towns. Cwmbran included existing housing and industry and was partly constrained by existing railway lines and a canal. It was designed to provide housing for those employed in existing industry who travelled from the South Wales Valleys. It was thus an unusual ‘Mark One’ New Town in that it was designed to provide homes and not employment, and was to intended correct an existing imbalance rather create a new ‘balanced community’. Today, Cwmbran is the largest settlement in Torfaen County Borough and is well located, with good access to the M4 and the city coastal zone. It is considered by its current planners to be successful and popular."

"Designated to provide houses for existing industry."

source: Town & Country Planning Association (TCPA)

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