Whyalla, Australia, Australia
Year1937latitude: -33° 1'
longitude: 137° 32'
Planning organizationNone
Nationality initiator(s)None
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationSouth Australian Housing Trust/Broken Hill Proprietary Company (SAHT/BHP)
Inhabitants21,000 (2006)
Target population
Town websitehttp://www.whyalla.com
Town related linkshttp://naa12.naa.gov.au/scripts/PhotoSearchItemDetail.asp?M=0&B=11710126
Literature- Susan Marsden, “Business, Charity and Sentiment: The South Australian Housing Trust 1936-1986, Wakefield Press, South Australia 1986, p. 190-202

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Whyalla is a port city located at the east cost of South Australia. In 1937 only 1,400 people were living there, the city functioning for the BHP Iron Ore's as the end of a tramway bringing iron ore from the Middleback Ranges, which was further transferred to Port Pirie via a pier. This year the BHP Indenture Act was followed by the construction of a blast furnace and a harbour. The city started growing rapidly, and houses were built by BHP and the South Australian Housing Trust (SAHT). With the building of a steelwork in 1958, the growth accelerated: The SAHT built 500 houses a year, and the Department of Lands made a plan projecting a population of 100,000. But from a peak population of 33,000 in 1976, the population started falling. Later it stabilised at around 23,00.

source: http://www.whyalla.com/site/page.cfm?u=43

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