Traunreut, Germany, Europe
 
 
Year1950latitude: 47° 57'
longitude: 12° 35'
Period1950-1960
Initiator(s)
Planning organizationNone
Nationality initiator(s)None
Designer(s) / Architect(s)
Design organizationNone
Inhabitants22,000 (2007)
Target population
Town websitehttp://www.traunreut.de
Town related links
Literature- Greiner, Harald, Die Chancen neuer Städte im Zentralitätsgefüge unter Berücksichtigung benachbarter gewachsener Städte. Dargestelt am Beispiel des Einzelhandels in Traunreut und Waldkraiburg, Trier 1995.

type of New Town: > scale of autonomy
New-Town-in-Town
Satellite
New Town
Company Town
> client
Private Corporation
Public Corporation
> policy
Capital
Decentralization
Industrialization
Resettlement
Economic
 
Introduction
Traunreut is developed after World War II as a city for displaced persons from the Eastern Block. It is located 40 kilometres northwest of Saarbrücken 10 kilometres east of the Chiemsees and 15 kilometres north of the Chiemgauer Alpen in the region of Oberbayern. During the war the National Socialists build a munitions factory in this area for the arms industry, which was called Muna St. Georgen in St. George-Frost. The Muna factory complex took up an area of 242 ha of the villages of Traunstein, Stein, Traunwalchen, Pierling and Palling.

Urban plan and design
After the war the Americans occupied Muna and dismantled the complex. The displaced persons from the eastern countries settled in the barracks of the industrial settlement. The former factory complexes were used by the firms of Siemens and Heidenhain. After the departure of the Americans, work started on the industrial settlement of St. Georgen at the bank of Traun with the factories of Siemens and Heidenhain. After the industrial complexes were set in operation and the first houses were built, facilities and public buildings such as schools, Kindergarten, churches and a city hall were constructed. The construction of residences and public buildings continued in the sixties and seventies. At the end of the 1990s a large shopping centre was built for the region.

Realization
In 1950 the government of Oberbayern founded the municipality of Traunreut with 1.381 inhabitants and in 1960 the municipality became an independent town. In the sixties the population grew till over 10,000 inhabitants. The expansion continued in 1978 through the annexation of the municipalities of Stein, Trauwalchen and parst of Piereng.

Present situation
In the present situation Siemens and two other firms that are specialized in technical business, are responsible for the greater part of the employment of Traunreut. Since 1990 the population is slowly shrinking. Only between 2000 and 2002 there was a small increase of inhabitants, but in 2003 the population was already reduced. In 2007 the population counted 21,892 inhabitants.

source: Saskia Hulskes

2017 - disclaimer